文久の改革 The Reform in Bunkyu

井伊直弼の暗殺から独裁的圧政がいずれ必ず失敗に終わることを学んだ幕府は朝廷と有力大名と強い連携を結び、当時の国難を一致団結して乗り越えることを決めました。

Seeing Naosuke Ii assassinated, Bakufu learned that the authoritarian tyranny would inevitably fail at some point, they had decided to make strong ties with the dynasty and the powerful Domains to cooperatively get over the national crisis of the time.

薩摩藩は朝廷との関係を持ち、幕府に大きな影響力も持っており、薩摩藩主で一橋派の島津久光1862年一橋慶喜将軍後見職に就かせるようにしました。

Satsuma Domain head and one of the progressives, Hisamitsu Shimazu whose Domain had a strong tie with the dynasty and a great influence in Bakufu had made Bakufu accept to let Yoshinobu Hitotsubashi virtually do Shogun’s job instead of the 14th Shogun in 1862.

そして、島津久光は他の重要人事の刷新や従来の幕府軍の西洋軍隊化など朝廷の意向にも沿う政策も幕府に行わせました。

Respecting the dyanasty’s wants into consideration, Hisamitsu Shimazu also had made Bakufu to put the designated personnel in Bakufu’s important posts and to reorganize Bakufu’s troop from a conventional one to the Western military one.

この政治改革は「文久の改革」と呼ばれています。

This political reform is called, “the Reform in Bunkyu (the name of a Japanese era)”.