徳川秀忠 Hidetada Tokugawa

徳川家康1616年に亡くなり、幕府の実権を握った2代将軍の徳川秀忠は全国の大名に領知宛行状を出し、土地の再分配をする過程を経ることで幕府の将軍と諸藩の大名が主従関係にあることを明確にしました。

Once the 2nd Shogun, Hidetada Tokugawa had the actual power of Bakufu after Ieyasu Tokugawa died in 1616, he clarified the master-servant relationship between Shogun in Bakufu and the feudal lords in their domains by giving each and every feudal lord in Japan the official documents which states how much land is reallocated to the one by Tokugawa Shogun.

そして、徳川家と血縁関係にあって将軍候補となりうる大名(親藩)は地政学的に重要な拠点に配置されました。

Those feudal lords who were related to Tokugawa Family and eligible to be Shogun candidates were sent to the geopolitically crucial spots in Japan.

また、家臣として徳川家を代々支えてきてくれた大名(譜代)は幕府からあらゆる面で厚遇され、比較的に大きな力を持つことが許されていました。

Also, those who had been the vassals of Tokugawa Family for generations were treated well in many ways by Bakufu and given the chance to be relatively powerful.

これに対して、嘗て徳川家に刃向かっていた大名(外様)は幕府からあらゆる面で冷遇され、大きく力を削がれることになりました。

On the contrary, those who went against Tokugawa Family were maltreated in many ways by Bakufu and taken away much of their power.

貿易によりみるみる力をつけていっていた西国の大名が宣教師に幕府転覆を焚きつけられるおそれが出てくると徳川秀忠は禁教令を繰り返し発し、違反者を処刑することでこれを牽制していました。

To contain the missionaries to get the opportunity to stir up the feudal lords in West Japan who had been gaining much power through trading to overthrow Bakufu, Hidetada Tokugawa had repeatedly banned Christianity and executed the violators.