豊臣秀吉 Hideyoshi Toyotomi

戦国時代には伝統よりも実力が遙かに重要でした。

During the Warring States Period, actual competence was way more important than the tradition.

かような状況下、織田信長のような革命的合理主義者は大成功を収め、木下藤吉郎羽柴秀吉)のような一足軽として雇った一介の野武士を短期間で戦国大名にまで取り立てました。

Under such circumstance, a progressive rationalist like Nobunaga Oda succeeded greatly and promoted a lowly local Samurai hired as a mere trooper like Tokichiro Kinoshita (Hideyoshi Hashiba) to a Warring States feudal lord in a short time.

そして、当然これは豊臣秀吉が確実に群を抜いて優秀で有能であったということです。

Of course, this means that Hideyoshi Toyotomi was definitely an exceptionally bright and competent one.

天下人になった豊臣秀吉は統一的方法で全国の農地を検地し(太閤検地)、各分国の石高(現在のGDPのような国力を計る指標)を正確に把握しました。

As soon as he came to rule over all the domains in Japan, he surveyed the rice production level (the index to measure a nation’s wealth like today’s GDP) of each and every domain accurately by measuring the size of the farmland with the unified method.

また、一揆を抑制し、各分国の正確な潜在的武力を把握するため、全国的な刀狩りを実施しました。

Also, to prevent Ikki and to know the exact potential militaristic power in each and every domain, he took away all the weapons the farmers possessed in their villages.